Timeline for American Colonization (1000-1764)
|1787.||Ordinance of 1787 adopted.|
May 14. Constitutional Convention meets at Philadelphia.
Sept 17. Constitution finished and signed by the delegates.
|1788.||Rufus Putnam plants first settlement in Ohio.|
June 21. New Hampshire becomes the ninth state to ratify the Constitution, securing its adoption.
|1789.||March 4. New government goes into operation.|
April 30. Washington inaugurated first President.
|1790.||First census. Population 3,929,214.|
|1791.||Vermont admitted to the Union. St. Clair defeated by the Indians|
|1792.||Kentucky admitted to the Union.|
|1793.||Thomas Jefferson founds Republican (Democratic) party.|
|1794.||Wayne defeats the Indians in Battle of Fallen Timbers.|
|1795.||Jay's treaty ratified.|
|1796.||Tennessee admitted to the Union.|
|1797.||John Adams inaugurated President.|
|1798.||Alien and sedition laws enacted. Navy department established.|
|1798-1799.||Kentucky and Virginia resolutions.|
|1798-1800.||Serious trouble with France.|
|1799.||December 14. Washington dies at Mt. Vernon.|
|1800.||Overthrow of the Federal party.|
Capital removed to Washington, D.C.
|1801.||Jefferson becomes President.|
|1802.||Ohio joins the Union.|
|1801-1805.||War with the Barbary States, North Africa.|
|1803.||Purchase of Lonisiana.|
|1804.||Burr kills Hamilton in a duel.|
|1805-1807.||Lewis and Clarke expedition.|
|1806-1807.||Burr's conspiracy, trial, and acquittal.|
|1807.||Fulton succeeds with the steamboat.|
June 22. The Leopard fires on the Chesapeake.
December. Jefferson's embargo enacted.
|1808.||Prohibition of the foreign slave trade.|
|1809.||James Madison inaugurated President.|
|1811.||November 7. Battle of Tippecanoe.|
|1812.||June 18. War declared against England.|
August 16. Hull surrenders Detroit.
August 19. The Constitution defeats the Guerriere.
October 13. Battle of Queenstown Heights.
|1813.||September 10. Perry's victory on Lake Erie.|
October 5. Battle of the Thames.
November 9. Battle of Talladega.
|1814.||July 25. Battle of Lundy's Lane.|
August 25. The British capture Washington.
September 11. Battle at Plattsburg and defeat of the British on Lake Champlain.
December. Hartford Convention.
December 24. Treaty of Ghent.
|1815.||January 8. Battle of New Orleans.|
America secures indemnity and treaties from Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli.
|1816.||Indiana admitted to the Union. Admission of Mississippi, 1817; of Illinois, 1818; of Alabama, 1819; of Maine, 1820; of Missouri, 1821.|
|1817.||James Monroe becomes President.|
|1818.||War with the Seminole Indians.|
|1819.||Purchase of Florida from Spain.|
First steamship, the Savannah, crosses the Atlantic.
|1820.||The Missouri Compromise.|
|1823.||December 2. Monroe Doctrine promulgated.|
|1825.||Inauguration of John Quincy Adams. Opening of the Erie Canal.|
June 17. Lafayette lays corner stone of Bunker Hill Monument.
|1826.||July 4. Death of John Adams and Thomas Jefferson.|
|1828.||Building of the first passenger railway begun at Baltimore.|
|1829.||Andrew Jackson becomes President.|
|1830.||Fifth census. Population 12,566,020.|
|1832.||November 19. Nullification by South Carolina. Jackson vetoes bank charter. Black Hawk War.|
|1833.||Jackson removes bank deposits. Compromise tariff adopted.|
|1836.||April 21. Battle of San Jacinto.|
Wilkes's Antarctic expedition.
Admission of Arkansas.
|1837.||Inauguration of Van Buren.|
Patent of the telegraph by Morse.
Great panic. Admission of Michigan. Burning of the Caroline.
|1841.||March 4. William Henry Harrison inaugurated President; dies April 4, and John Tyler becomes President.|
Howe invents the sewing machine.
|1844.||First telegraph line in America, between Baltimore and Washington.|
|1845.||James K. Polk becomes President. Florida and Texas admitted into the Union. Death of Andrew Jackson.
1846.Beginning of the Mexican War. Fight at Palo Alto.|
Admission of Iowa. Walker tariff enacted. Wilmot Proviso introduced in Congress.
|1847.||February 23.Battle of Buena Vista.|
March 29. Capture of Vera Cruz by General Scott.
Conquest of California.
September. Fall of the City of Mexico.
|1848.||February. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.|
Discovery of gold in California.
Wisconsin enters the Union.
|1849.||Zachary Taylor inaugurated President.
1850.Admission of California. Death of Calhoun.|
July 9. Death of President Taylor. Millard Fillmore President.
Clay Compromise enacted.
Census shows population of 23,191,876.
|1852.||Death of Clay and Webster.|
|1853.||Inauguration of Franklin Pierce.|
|1854.||May. Kansas-Nebraska bill enacted.|
|1854.||Commercial treaty with Japan.|
|1857.||Inauguration of Buchanmi.|
March 6. Dred Scott decision.
|1858.||Admission of Minnesota.|
First Atlantic cable laid.
September 18. Mountain Meadow Massacre, Utah.
|1859.||Admission of Oregon.|
John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry.