Timeline for American Colonization (1000-1764)
|1860.||December 20. Secession of South Carolina.|
|1861.||Secession of Mississippi on January 9; of Florida, January 10 Alabama, January 11; Georgia, January 19; Louisiana, January 26; Texas, February 1; Virginia, April 17; Arkansas, May 6; North Carolina, May 20; Tennessee, June 8.|
February 4. Confederate government organized.
March 4. Lincoln inaugurated President of the United States.
April 14. Fall of Fort Sumter.
July 21. Battle of Bull Run.
November 8. Capture of Mason and Slidell.
Admission of Kansas.
|1862.||February 16. Surrender of Fort Donelson.|
March 9. Duel between the Monitor and the Merrimac.
April 6-7. Battle of Shiloh.
April 16. Slavery abolished in District of Columbia.
April 25. Farragut captures New Orleans.
July 1. Battle of Malvern Hill; last of the seven days' battle before Richmond.
August 30. Second Battle of Bull Run.
September 17. Battle of Antietam.
December 13. Battle of Fredericksburg.
|1863.||January 1. Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation.|
January 2. Battle of Murfreesboro.
Admission of West Virginia.
May 2. Battle of Chancellorsville.
July 14. Battle of Gettysburg.
July 4. Surrender of Vicksburg.
September 19-20. Battle of Chickamauga.
November 19. Lincoln's address at Gettysburg.
November 24-25. Battle of Chattanooga.
|1864.||May 6. Battle of the Wilderness.|
May 11. Battle of Spottsylvania.
June 19. The Kearsarge sinks the Alabama.
August 5. Battle of Mobile Bay.
September 2. Sherman captures Atlanta.
October 19. Battle of Cedar Creek.
November 15. Sherman begins his march to the sea.
December 15-16. Battle of Nashville.
Admission of Nevada.
|1865.||April 1. Battle of Five Forks.|
April 3. Evacuation of Richmond.
April 9. Surrender of Lee at Appomattox.
April 14. Assassination of Lincoln; Andrew Johnson President.
April 26. Surrender of Johnston's army.
December 18. Thirteenth Amendment ratified.
|1866.||July 27. Second Atlantic cable completed.|
|1867.||May 2. Reconstruction bill passed over veto.|
Purchase of Alaska.
Admission of Nebraska
|1868.||February 24. President Johnson impeached by the House.|
Trial in the Senate fails.
July 21. Fourteenth Amendment adopted.
|1869.||Inauguration of U. S. Grant.|
May 10. Pacific Railroad completed.
March 30. Fifteenth Amendment ratified.
|1871.||November. Great fire in Chicago.|
|1873.||February. Congress demonetizes silver.|
|1876.||Centennial Exposition at Philadeiphia|
Admission of Colorado.
Invention of the telephone.
Custer's army destroyed by the Indians.
|1877.||Inauguration of R. B. Hayes.|
Great railroad strike.
|1878.||Electric light perfected.|
February. Bland-Allison silver bill passed.
|1879.||January 1. Resumption of specie payments|
|1881.||James A. Garfield inaugurated President.|
July 2. Assassination of Garfield. Dies September 19. Chester A. Arthur becomes President.
|1883.||Letter postage reduced to two cents.|
|1885.||Grover Cleveland becomes President.|
|1886.||October 6. Statue of Liberty unveiled, New York.|
|1886.||Presidential Succession Law enacted.|
|1889.||Benjamin Harrison becomes President.|
April 22. Oklahoma opened to settlers.
North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Washington admitted into the Union.
Idaho and Wyoming admitted.
McKinley tariff enacted.
Sherman silver law passed.
|1891.||Chilians assault American sailors at Valparsiso.|
|1893.||World's Columbian Exposition at Chicago.|
|1894.||Wilson tariff law enacted.|
|1895.||December 17. Cleveland issues his Venezuelan message.|
|1897.||William McKinley becomes President.|
July 24. Dingley tariff becomes law.
|1898.||February 15. Destruction of the Maine at Havana.|
April 25. Congress declares war against Spain (existing from April 21).
May 1. Battle of Manila.
July 1-3. Battle of San Juan.
July 3. Battle of Santiago.
July 7. Annexation of Hawaii.
August 12. Peace protocol signed.
December 10. Treaty with Spain signed at Paris.
|1899.||May 18. Peace Conference meets at The Hague.|
Samoan treaty made by the United States, Great Britain, and Germany.
|1900.||Allied Powers enter China to quell Boxer disturbances.|
Civil Government established in Alaska.
September 9. Great disaster at Galveston, Texas.
|1901.||January 1. The Hague Arbitration Court organized.|
May 3. Civil Government established in the Philippines.
September 6. President McKinley shot by an assassin. Dies on September 14. Theodore Roosevelt becomes President.
Pan-American Exposition at Buffalo.
|1902.||Cuban Republic established.|
May 12. Great Anthracite strike in Pennsylvania begins.
|1903.||February 14. Cabinet Department of Commerce and Labor created.|
March 17. Panama Canal Treaty with Colombia ratified by the United States Senate. Rejected August 17 by Colombian Senate.
July 4. Pacific Cable completed.
October 17. Alaskan Boundary Tribunal in London decides in favor of the United States.
November 6. The United States recognizes the new Republic of Panama.
November 18. Canal Treaty with Panama signed by Secretary Hay. Ratified by Panama December 2 by the United States Senate, February 23, 1904.